de Clare, (1162 – December 30, 1218) was the son of Roger
de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford and Maud de St. Hilary. He was was
a descendant of Sveide the Viking. On the death of his father in
1173 he became the 6th Earl of Clare and the 4th Earl of Hertford.
He was born in Tonbridge Castle in Tonbridge, Kent.
More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the moiety of
the Giffard estates from his ancestor Rohese.
He was present at the coronation of King Richard I at Westminster,
3 Sep 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at
the homeage of King William of Scotland at Lincoln.
He married (ca. 1172) Amice Fitz William, Countess of Gloucester
(ca. 1160-1220), second daughter of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl
of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont. He sided with the Barons
against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with
the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge in Kent was
He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being
one of the twenty five Barons appointed as guardians. On 9 Nov 1215,
he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate
the peace with the King. In 1215, his lands in counties Cambridge,
Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun.
Soon after he signed the Magna Carta the king appealed to Pope
Innocent III for help. The pope was concerned about this rebellion
and decided to excommunicate the barons who had fought against their
king. Richard de Clare and his son, Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of
were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215.
Sometime before 1198 Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered
to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated
for a time because of this order but apparently they reconciled
their marriage with the Pope later on.
Richard de Clare's arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.
Richard de Clare died on 30th December 1218 in Oxfordshire, England
Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, is our 27th Great Grandfather